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Ukufeza Iphupho “Lensimbi Ye-zero-carbon” — Ocwaningweni Olujulile nasekusetshenzisweni Kwemimoya Emikhulu Engamashumi Amabili Yeqembu

"Sizokhuthaza ngenkuthalo ukungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni ekuphakameni kwekhabhoni", "sakhe kuqala bese siphuka kamuva, futhi senze isenzo sokukhuphuka kwekhabhoni ngesinyathelo ngendlela ehleliwe"… Simi ekuphakameni kokuphilisana okuvumelanayo phakathi komuntu nemvelo, umbiko weNgqungquthela Kazwelonke engamashumi amabili yeQembu wenze uhlelo olusha lokusatshalaliswa komsebenzi “wekhabhoni ephindwe kabili”.

Ngo-2021, lapho iqala ukufakwa kuMbiko Womsebenzi Kahulumeni, "Sizokwenza umsebenzi oqinile wokungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni ephezulu futhi senze uhlelo lokusebenza lokukhishwa kwekhabhoni ephezulu ngaphambi kuka-2030", nango-2022, lapho iphinda ifakwa kuHulumeni. Umbiko Womsebenzi, "sizothuthukisa umsebenzi wokungathathi hlangothi kwekhabhoni ephezulu ngendlela ehlelekile futhi sisebenzise uhlelo lokusebenza lwekhabhoni ephezulu".“Ukugqugquzelwa okusebenzayo nokukhaliphile” kwamanje, “ukusungulwa kokuqala bese kuyaphulwa” kanye “nokuqaliswa okuhleliwe kanye nesinyathelo ngesinyathelo”, izidingo zomsebenzi wezwe “kukhabhoni ombili”, ukusuka ekujuleni kuye ekujuleni, isinyathelo ngesinyathelo.Lokhu kusho futhi ukuthi amagagasi empini yesibhakabhaka esiluhlaza, uZhengChen ongageziwe, imboni yensimbi nensimbi kumele aphinde akhiphe ingwe “eyisitaki,” umjaho “isibindi” bheka umgwaqo, ngizocinga phansi naphezulu “isenzo, umsebenzi wokuhlola, ukukhokhisa ngaphambili, kanye nokusheshisa uguquko lwesayensi nobuchwepheshe bekhabhoni ephansi eluhlaza, uhambo olusha ezweni lesimanje lesimanje le-socialism, Sizophusha umsebenzi “wekhabhoni embaxa-mbili” ezingeni elisha.

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Ukugqugquzela ukuncishiswa kokukhishwa kwekhabhoni embonini yensimbi, ukuvumelana kwawo wonke uchungechunge lwezimboni kufanele kuqoqwe.Ukunciphisa ikhabhoni akukwazi ukufezwa yimboni yensimbi iyodwa.Eqinisweni, akunakwenzeka ukuthi noma iyiphi imboni echungechungeni lwezimboni iphumelele "ngokuhamba yedwa".Ukubambisana phakathi kwezimboni kumele kuqiniswe.Ngokuqondile, imboni yensimbi nensimbi kanye nemboni yezinto zokwakha ingasebenzisa i-metallurgical slag ukukhiqiza izinto zokwakha;Ukusetshenziswa kwensiza yegesi ye-metallurgical kungenziwa ngokubambisana nemboni yamakhemikhali ukuze kuzuzwe ukulungiswa okukhulu kwe-hydrogen, i-methanol, i-ethylene glycol, njll.Ngesikhathi esifanayo, singakhuthaza ukusetshenziswa kwensimbi eluhlaza futhi sihole ekuthuthukisweni okuluhlaza kwezimboni ezisezansi nomfula ngocwaningo nokuthuthukiswa, ukukhuthazwa nokusetshenziswa kwensimbi enekhabhoni ephansi esebenza kahle.Isibonelo, isakhiwo sensimbi esakhiwe ngamandla yisimo samanje "iphrojekthi yeThemba" ephethe lo msebenzi okhazimulayo.

Ukuqiniseka, ukuqaphela kwethu ukuthuthukiswa kwekhabhoni eluhlaza kanye nephansi kufanele kuqiniswe.Ubuchwepheshe obufana ne-hydrogen metallurgy, i-biomass metallurgy, ukuncishiswa okuncibilikisiwe kanye ne-CCUS kudinga ukwenziwa impumelelo.Isakhiwo sethu samandla sidinga ukuthuthukiswa.Kodwa ungakhohlwa, siyimboni yensimbi yaseShayina lapho sibhekene nezinselelo zempilo nokufa njengokuncishiswa komthamo oweqile, ukuthutha, uguquko lwe-ultra-low emission nokunye.Sazi kahle kamhlophe ukuthi sizothatha izinyathelo zokufakazela ukuthi ukuphela kwendlela yokubhekana nezinguquko emhlabeni, ukumelana nezivivinyo ezinkulu kanye nokuhlangabezana nolwandle olunezivunguvungu wukusebenza kanzima.

Amacilongo ayakhala futhi izitebhisi ziyashosholoza.Uhambo olusha seluqalile.Imboni yensimbi yaseChina iphokophele emgomweni wokufeza “ikhabhoni ephindwe kabili” kanye nokufeza iphupho layo “lensimbi yensimbi eyiziro”.Ikusasa liqhakazile futhi kusekude phambili!

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Isikhathi sokuthumela: Nov-08-2022